Surrounded by springs, its inhabitants were highly adept in the management of underground water and they built a complex system of channels for collecting and storing water. It was a site for the worship of water, with remarkable burials in the channels.
These caves provide a fascinating experience. Galleries and natural formations, with stone paintings and carvings, allow visitors a vision of primitive people in the region, and the domestication of plants and animals, until they became sedentary. The site dates back to 9000 BC.
Located very close to San Martín Texmelucan, the origin of the early settlers is unknown. A fortified site with a strong Olmec influence, it maintained trade relations with a number of villages in the Puebla-Tlaxcala valley. Most notable are the plinths built on the edge of the ravines.
Here lie the ruins of the great city of Texcoco, capital of Acolhuacan (660 to 1521), where once stood the poet king Nezahualcóyotl's palace. Nowadays, only a small architectural complex remains, which allows us to admire the skill of its inhabitants at cutting and maneuvering enormous blocks of stone.
This is a small settlement that was subjugated by the Acolhua. It maintains a westward-facing pyramid, which is unusual for Mesoamerica and leads us to suppose that it was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli. There are rooms next to the pyramid in which the rulers lived.
Its location on top of one of the hills close to the town of Tixtla leads us to believe that this small ceremonial center was dedicated to the rain god. The skill of its inhabitants in working stone is patent in the masks and figurines they left at this site.
This site is unique in Mesoamerica, as it was carved in one piece out of an enormous rock on the edge of a cliff for military initiation purposes. The site was created by the Mexica not long before the Spanish conquest, and is dedicated to the initiation of Eagle and Jaguar-Ocelot warriors. It contains splendid sculptures of these symbols.
This site is characteristic of the Zoque culture, close to the Olmec and the Maya, but different. Thirteen hundred years ago its founders flattened the irregular terrain and formed artificial terraces on which to erect their delicate constructions, as well as producing fine pottery.
The last great city of the ancient Maya, walled, reminiscent of Chichen Itza once it had fallen. With a population of up to 12,000, founded 1,300 years ago, buildings with significant Maya-Toltec influence but with its own style, and an unexpected mural painting of great value.
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