Capital of the province of Acalán, also known as Itzamkanac, El Tigre is situated on the banks of the river Candelaria and was renowned for its trading activity. Notable is the ceremonial center with the large stucco masks. It is believed that Hernán Cortés executed Cuauhtémoc here.
In rocky shelters of the Sierra de Juárez, there are numerous examples of cave paintings: geometric figures, zoomorphic and anthropomorphic designs appear on the walls. During the winter solstice, a ray of light enters the cave and lights up the eyes of an image known as El Diablito (Little Devil).
Mictlantecuhtli, the great lord of death (the other life), was the patron of the ancient Totonac city. The site museum’s most prized item is the sole unfired clay sculpture with stucco and the remains of paint in Mesoamerica. To this are added funerary offerings and ceramic figures of the very highest quality.
The elaborate Maya decoration causes a sense of wonder with features such as the facade of the Main Palace, where the entrance is an enormous mask of open jaws and fangs at either side, in the shape of a monstrous mouth.
Similar to Hochob, it has a building whose facade has a great mask with a monstrous open mouth with enormous fangs, which has been interpreted as an entrance to the underworld. Also worthy of note is the zoomorphic facade and the masks of the god Chaac which decorate another of the structures.
This important Otomi settlement was built in the upper part of the plateau of San Miguel which was a perfect site for monitoring movements in the valley of Acambay, or Los Espejos, in the State of Mexico.
One of the main urban centers of the Mixtec culture, outstanding for its monumental architecture and sculpture, carvings with calendar signs and a ballcourt related to a ritual which often culminated in human sacrifice.
Inhabited by Tlapanec groups who maintained trading relations with the Mixtecs, the place was subjugated by Nezahualcoyotl and became a bastion of the Triple Alliance, as can be seen from its architecture and associated offerings, illustrating the warlike ideology of the peoples of central Mexico.
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