• Centro INAH Estado de México
    Centro INAH Estado de México
  • Centro INAH Estado de México
    Centro INAH Estado de México
  • Centro INAH Estado de México
    Centro INAH Estado de México
  • Centro INAH Estado de México
    Centro INAH Estado de México
San Miguel Ixtapan
Place where there is salt
San Miguel Ixtapan is an elegant city founded around 1900 years ago in the middle of rich salt deposits. It was occupied first by the Otomies and latterly by the Mexica. It has a great ballcourt next to an artificial platform where human burial remains with rich offerings have been found, including fine stone and ceramic figures.
About the site
The site is in the southwest region of the State of Mexico, where it is the only site that has been explored intensively. As a result there is a significant body of knowledge on the site today, which had previously been practically unstudied.

The first stage of occupation of San Miguel Ixtapan took place during the Classic period (450-750), with the second in the Epiclassic (750-900). The site reached its apogee in this stage and this was when the principal monuments were built. Subsequently around the Early Postclassic (900-1200), the buildings were reused, involving significant architectural modifications, consisting of dividing walls and extensions. Between 100 and 150 years later (1200-1521), the Mexica reoccupied part of the site, building on the ruins of the previous structures.

A pre-Hispanic scale model of a complex ceremonial center carved from a basalt outcrop by the ancient inhabitants was rescued in the first excavations carried out by staff from the INAH Regional Center in the State of Mexico from 1985 to 1986.

Given the evident importance of the site, the then Mexican Cultural Institute (now the Ministry of Culture), set up a more wide-ranging project. This included the purchase of land, as well as suitable protection for the scale model and increased excavation to uncover the remains of structures which had been detected above ground.

A large quantity of pieces of exceptional importance and artistic quality have been found over several seasons. Also the structures making up the settlement have been revealed, consolidated and restored. The Ballcourt, Platform 1, Mounds One and Two, the Sunken Patio and the Vaulted Precinct stand out.

All the archeological finds are exhibited in the site museum, which opened in March 1995.
450 - 1521

Clásico Temprano a Posclásico Tardío
750 - 900

Clásico Tardío

Did you know...
  • A room was found in Mound Two which the archeologists have named the Sculptural Precinct because of the various basalt and green stone figures found there.
  • A large quantity of human remains with rich offerings were discovered in Platform One.
An exert point of view
Beatriz Zúñiga Bárcenas
Beatriz Zúñiga Bárcenas
Centro INAH Estado de México
Archeological site
San Miguel Ixtapan
Practical information
Temporarily closed
Tuesday to Saturday from 10:00 to 17:00

$ 55.00 pesos


  • Sundays free for Mexican citizens
  • Free entrance for Mexicans under 13 years old
  • Free entrance for Mexican students and teachers
  • Free entrance for Mexican senior citizens
  • Admission includes museum fee
  • No Smoking
  • No entry with food
Se localiza a 115 kilómetros de Toluca, al sur del Estado de México.

Services
  • Accesibilidad
  • Estacionamiento
  • Guardarropa
  • Sanitarios
  • Visitas guiadas
  • +52 (722) 167 1325
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Directory
Responsable
Subdirección de Rescate y Conservación de la Secretaria de Cultura y Deporte del Gobierno del Estado de México
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
+52 (722) 214 6300
San Miguel Ixtapan
Structures
1712
305_A_000
305_A_san_miguel_centro_inah_1
Centro INAH Estado de México
305_A_san_miguelito_centro_inah_2
Centro INAH Estado de México
305_A_san_miguelito_centro_inah_4
Centro INAH Estado de México
305_A_san_miguel_centro_inah_5
Centro INAH Estado de México
Altiplano Central
Airosa ciudad fundada hace 19 siglos en medio de abundantes yacimientos de sal, la cual fue ocupada primero por otomíes y, al final, por mexicas. Contiene un gran juego de pelota junto a una plataforma artificial en la que se hallaron entierros humanos con ricas ofrendas, que incluían muy finas figuras de piedra y cerámica.
San Miguel Ixtapan is an elegant city founded around 1900 years ago in the middle of rich salt deposits. It was occupied first by the Otomies and latterly by the Mexica. It has a great ballcourt next to an artificial platform where human burial remains with rich offerings have been found, including fine stone and ceramic figures.
Lugar en donde hay sal
Place where there is salt

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