One of the most important ceremonial centers of northern Mesoamerica. Its orientation allows for the observation of the Sun’s yearly movement and, like Chichen Itza, it attracts visitors at the time of the spring equinox.
The majestic Cerro de las Ventanas rises close to the southern end of the Juchipila Canyon. It was named after the pre-Hispanic remains found in a rock shelter under the mountain’s highest crag. The shelter has a stone wall covered in clay with a few holes which look like windows from a distance.
Its origin remains a mystery. Some authors associate it with Chicomoztoc, a mythical place that the Aztecs passed through on their way to the Valley of Mexico. A powerful center of government, at its height it governed over 220 settlements and produced very distinctive architecture.
Archeologists discovered the first signs of settlement in the state of Zacatecas on the top of a hill. The site was occupied for more than 1,600 years without interruption. The techniques used in the buildings point to great expertise in hydraulic engineering and the skillful use of the natural shape of the land.
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