A monumental complex close to Monte Albán that testifies to the expansion of this culture at its height. The nobility lived here, as can be inferred from the numerous palaces, living complexes, squares and a burial complex.
An ancient Zapotec city whose Tomb 5 contained a plethora of symbols and beautiful figures, considered one of the finest examples of funerary art in ancient Mexico. It has a rich array of religious buildings from 300 and 800 AD when the city was flourishing.
Situated in the Valley of Tlacolula, this site encompasses a series of prehistoric caves and rocky shelters with cave paintings that date back 12,000 years. The earliest remains of domesticated plants were also found here. On August 1, 2010 the prehistoric caves of Yagul and Mitla in the central valleys of Oaxaca became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Contemporary with Monte Alban, it is remarkable for the adaptation of the buildings to the terrain, which appear to lean against the hillside. There are also magnificent reliefs depicting ball players.
One of the main urban centers of the Mixtec culture, outstanding for its monumental architecture and sculpture, carvings with calendar signs and a ballcourt related to a ritual which often culminated in human sacrifice.
Its main activity was trade and production of salt. Contemporary with Monte Albán, the Zapotec lineage established here left a historical artistic bequest of magnificent stucco reliefs and artefacts made of bone, as well as mural paintings that can still be seen.
This is a zone where stone was worked like jewellery and the Zapotec people showed their devotion to the dead. Here we can see the imprint of the skills of this indigenous group and its marvellous world, established 18 centuries ago.
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