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    INAH-Zona Arqueológica/Archivo
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    CYARK
  • CYARK
    CYARK
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    DMC-INAH/Hector Montaño
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    INAH-Zona Arqueológica/Archivo
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    INAH-Zona Arqueológica/Archivo
  • DMC-INAH
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    DMC-INAH/Hector Montaño
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Cuevas de Mitla y Yagul
Situated in the Valley of Tlacolula, this site encompasses a series of prehistoric caves and rocky shelters with cave paintings that date back 12,000 years. The earliest remains of domesticated plants were also found here. On August 1, 2010 the prehistoric caves of Yagul and Mitla in the central valleys of Oaxaca became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
World heritage since 2010

About the site
In an extensive territory which is an example of low deciduous forest, the prehistoric caves of Yagul and Mitla in the central valleys of Oaxaca are of outstanding universal value with a variety of extraordinarily rich sites preserving very ancient evidence of the domestication of plants, especially corn, as well as a veritable compendium of plants useful for human survival.

The cultural landscape of the prehistoric caves of Yagul and Mitla consists of a series of caves and rock shelters with remains of human occupation going back to prehistoric times around 12,000 years ago. The main sites are named Duvil-Yasip, Yagul, Caballito Blanco, Los Compadres, El Fuerte, Corral de Piedra and Fortaleza de Mitla.

With the aim of documenting the archeological evidence, the National Institute of Anthropology and History began a long-term research and conservation project at the prehistoric caves of Yagul and Mitla in 1986, covering the investigation and detailed documentation of all the caves, rock shelters and open sites including workshops, camps and quarries.

To date this project has recorded more than 100 caves and rock shelters with a high percentage of human occupation. The clearest evidence of this occupation can be seen at these sites, such as rock paintings and carvings, as well as the presence of lithic materials on the surface which demonstrate the development of stone artifacts in different cultural periods.

Because of its importance as a most ancient site, in 2010 UNESCO registered the prehistoric caves of Yagul and Mitla as a World Heritage Site, in the category of cultural landscapes of outstanding universal value.
6000 a.C.-4200 a.C.

Cenolítico Superior
6000 a.C.-4200 a.C.


Did you know...
  • The prehistoric occupation of these caves demonstrates a close link between man and nature.
  • The Guila Naquitz cave finds include 10,000-year-old seeds of the gourd family (cucurbitaceae). These are the earliest traces of domesticated plants yet discovered on the American continent.
  • Ears of corn have also been found, providing some of most ancient evidence for the domestication of this plant.
Practical information
Temporarily closed,Requires reservation

Para la visita es necesario hacer una solicitud en las oficinas del Centro-INAH de Oaxaca y al Comisariado de Bienes Comunales Unión Zapata.


Carretera Internacional Cristóbal Colón 1075 km 33 Oaxaca - Tehuantepec.

 

Services
  • +52 (951) 568 0316
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Directory
Jefe del Corredor Arqueológico de Oaxaca
Arqlgo. Agustín Andrade Cuautle
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
+52 (951) 568 0316
Cuevas de Mitla y Yagul
Structures
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CUEVA_LOS_MACHINES_14
INAH-Zona Arqueológica/Archivo
Cueva Los Machines
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DMC-INAH/Hector Montaño
Yagul
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INAH-Zona Arqueológica/Archivo
Cueva la Paloma
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CYARK
Yagul
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CYARK
Yagul
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CYARK
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DMC-INAH/Hector Montaño
Yagul
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INAH-Zona Arqueológica/Archivo
Cueva Los Machines
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INAH-Zona Arqueológica/Archivo
Stream on the route to the prehistoric caves
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DMC-INAH
Yagul
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DMC-INAH/Hector Montaño
Yagul
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INAH-Zona Arqueológica/Archivo
Cueva Los Machines
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Yagul
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DMC-INAH/Hector Montaño
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Oaxaca
Localizado en el Valle de Tlacolula, este sitio comprende una serie de cuevas prehistóricas y abrigos rocosos con pinturas rupestres que se remontan a 12,000 años de antigüedad. En ellos también se encontraron los restos más tempranos de plantas domesticadas. La UNESCO inscribió a las Cuevas Prehistóricas de Yagul y Mitla de los Valles Centrales de Oaxaca, con la categoría de Paisaje Cultural el 1 de agosto de 2010.
Situated in the Valley of Tlacolula, this site encompasses a series of prehistoric caves and rocky shelters with cave paintings that date back 12,000 years. The earliest remains of domesticated plants were also found here. On August 1, 2010 the prehistoric caves of Yagul and Mitla in the central valleys of Oaxaca became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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