• Archivo INAH
    Archivo INAH
  • Archivo INAH
    Archivo INAH
  • Archivo INAH
    Archivo INAH
Los Melones
Named after the former El Cerrito de los Melones estate.
Here lie the ruins of the great city of Texcoco, capital of Acolhuacan (660 to 1521), where once stood the poet king Nezahualcóyotl's palace. Nowadays, only a small architectural complex remains, which allows us to admire the skill of its inhabitants at cutting and maneuvering enormous blocks of stone.
About the site
Los Melones lies to the south of the city of Texcoco de Mora in the State of Mexico. The archeological evidence recovered allows us to date construction to the site to the Late Postclassic (1400 to 1450), a time at which Texcoco was the capital of Acolhuacan. It is one of the few places to preserve architectural evidence of the ancient Acolhua settlement, as several ethnic groups were involved in the region’s social development, chiefly the Otomi and Nahua, who ruled the eastern side of the basin of Mexico.

The temples and foundations of Los Melones were built with blocks of adobe (cores) faced with tezontle (volcanic rock) and plastered with stucco, which was obtained by mixing lime, sand and tezontle gravel. Due to the extraction of tezontle for reuse in the colonial period, the facings have now been lost, leaving the adobe cores exposed.

The West Building preserves two sections in which we may observe the remains of floors, a stucco wall and a sloping wall. The East Building preserves traces of stucco plaster and a fragment of stairway, as well as the remains of rooms with stucco floors, a fragment of a drainage channel and the bases of dividing walls. There appears to have been a plaza between these buildings.

The southern side preserves an area with an antechamber, marked inside from its entrance via a walkway; in the center, there is a rectangular element carved in stone with a cavity and a protrusion.

Another important detail are the two Mesoamerican ballgame markers carved in basalt, found at the site entrance.
600-1521

Clásico Medio a Posclásico Tardío

Did you know...
  • This is one of the few explored sites to provide evidence of what was once the great pre-Hispanic city of Texcoco.
An exert point of view
Martha Patricia Hernández Mendoza
Martha Patricia Hernández Mendoza
Centro INAH Estado de México
Archeological site
Los Melones
Practical information
Temporarily closed
Tuesday to Sunday from 9:00 to 17:00 hrs

$45.00 pesos


Se localiza en la calle Abasolo número 100, Texcoco de Mora, Texcoco.

Services
  • +52 (722) 167 1325
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Directory
Responsable
Martha Patricia Hernández Mendoza
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
+52 (722) 21 39 581
1708
284_A_000
284_A_los_melones_archivo_inah_2
Archivo INAH
284_A_los_melones_archivo_inah_3
Archivo INAH
284_A_los_melones_archivo_inah_4
Archivo INAH
Altiplano Central
Vestigios de la gran ciudad de Texcoco, capital de Acolhuacan (660 a 1521), donde alguna vez se levantó el palacio del rey poeta Nezahualcóyotl. Hoy sólo queda un pequeño conjunto arquitectónico que permite admirar la destreza de sus habitantes para labrar y manejar enormes bloques de piedra.
Here lie the ruins of the great city of Texcoco, capital of Acolhuacan (660 to 1521), where once stood the poet king Nezahualcóyotl's palace. Nowadays, only a small architectural complex remains, which allows us to admire the skill of its inhabitants at cutting and maneuvering enormous blocks of stone.
Recibe este nombre por la antigua finca El Cerrito de los Melones.
Named after the former El Cerrito de los Melones estate.

LEGAL NOTICE

The contents of this website belong to the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia de México, and may be downloaded and shared without alterations, provided that the author is acknowledged and if is not for commercial purposes.

Footer MediatecaINAH

Guardar
Lugares INAH

Idioma