• Centro INAH Puebla
    Centro INAH Puebla
  • Centro INAH Puebla
    Centro INAH Puebla
Los Cerritos de San Cristóbal Tepatlaxco
Located very close to San Martín Texmelucan, the origin of the early settlers is unknown. A fortified site with a strong Olmec influence, it maintained trade relations with a number of villages in the Puebla-Tlaxcala valley. Most notable are the plinths built on the edge of the ravines.
About the site

The site is located 1.2 miles from San Martín Texmelucan, on the lower southwestern flanks of Cerro Totolqueme, and half a mile to the north of Atoyac River, in the town of San Cristóbal Tepatlaxco, in the state of Puebla. Much of the archeological zone is limited to the south, east, west and northwest by ravines that become deeper towards the north.

This site was given the name of the nearest town, which is derived from the Nahautl words tecpan- (palace), tlachtli- (ballgame) and co- (place). Tecpantlaxco therefore translates as "in the ballcourt of the  palace." There is, however, another interpretation in which the name is thought to be derived from the word Tepatlaixco, which means "plain of rocky ground" or "enclosed by stones." It is popularly known as "the hills of San Cristóbal Tepatlaxco."

The archeological site was inhabited between 300 BC and 600 AD and is thought to be a fortified place of Olmec influence. However, we only really know that the inhabitants of Tepatlaxco must have maintained trade and family relationships with the inhabitants of Tlalancaleca, San Martín Texmelucan, Moyotzingo and numerous settlements in what is now the Puebla-Tlaxcala Valley. These relationships are inferred from elements and materials found onsite which are similar to those from the aforementioned areas. The site has nine pyramid bases with heights ranging from approximately 8 to 30 feet. However, as these bases lie at the edge of the ravines, they appear to be taller.

The temples and platforms were built using irregular blocks of tepetate stone, and then clad in river pebbles and a layer of stucco (crushed limestone), leaving a smooth and shiny finish.

 

300 a.C. - 600

Preclásico Tardío- Clásico Temprano

Practical information
Temporarily closed
Wednesday to Sunday from 08:00 to 17:00 hrs


Take the Federal Highway 190 Mexico-Puebla to the town of San Cristóbal Tepatlaxco, which is located before San Martín Texmelucan. From there, take Avenida del Trabajo towards the east, continue along the dirt road located at the western edge. At the junction, continue on the central road and, eight hundred meters further on, take the path to the left, which is signposted with INAH signs. From this point, access to the site is by foot, approximately 200 meters to the northwest.

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GUIDE
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Profesor investigador del Centro INAH Puebla
Eduardo Merlo Juárez
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
+52 (222) 213 7390, ext. 298033
Los Cerritos de San Cristóbal Tepatlaxco
Structures
Los Cerritos de San Cristóbal Tepatlaxco
12592
390_00_00
Imagen1tepa_2
Centro INAH Puebla
Lesser mound. Cerritos Tepatlaxco Archeological Zone.
Imagen3_tepa_2
Centro INAH Puebla
Base annex. Cerritos Tepatlaxco Archeological Zone.
Altiplano Central
Localizado muy cerca de San Martín Texmelucan, se desconoce el origen de sus antiguos pobladores. Se trata de un lugar fortificado de influencia olmeca, que mantuvo relaciones comerciales con numerosos poblados del valle poblano-tlaxcalteca. Sobresalen sus basamentos construidos en el borde de las barrancas.
Located very close to San Martín Texmelucan, the origin of the early settlers is unknown. A fortified site with a strong Olmec influence, it maintained trade relations with a number of villages in the Puebla-Tlaxcala valley. Most notable are the plinths built on the edge of the ravines.
Llano donde abundan los pedregales

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